Friday, March 6, 2015

The Bible

Okay, so what's this bible everybody talks about?
The word bible literally means book.

Right.  It's a book.  So what's the big deal?
The Bible (capital "B") is what Christians call God's word.  Sometimes it's referred to as the Holy Scriptures or the Holy Bible.  Any authoritative book can be called a bible (lower case "b"), but on this blog, the word Bible will refer to the book containing the Word of God.

Yada yada yada.  What makes it so important?
Well, God's word is important.

Who's God?
God is the creator of the universe.

Wait a minute.  I thought the universe or world or whatever was created by that Big Bang thing and then "evolution" took care of the rest.
No.  In the first book of the Bible (Genesis 1:1), God says: "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."

You said the Bible was a book.  Now there's a book of the Bible?
Right.  The Bible is made up of 66 books.

That doesn't make any sense.  If a book is divided into sixty-six parts, each part is usually called a chapter, not another book.
Generally, yes.  Divisions of books are called chapters.  However, the Bible is a collection of 66 "books", each divided into numbered chapters and verses.

Verses?  Is the Bible some sort of poetry?  I don't like poems.
The Bible contains some poetry, but the verses I'm referring to are just numbered units of chapters.  The numbers themselves don't mean anything; they are merely a way of locating certain ideas or thoughts.  They are numbered so that it is easy to find parts of the Bible that we are looking at or studying.  It is similar to finding a person by using their physical address.  First, I would need to know what country a person lives in (Country=Bible in this scenario).  Then I would need to know the state/province/region to narrow it down (State=book of the Bible).  Next I would need the city/town/village (City=chapter number).  Lastly, I would need to know the street address or post office box number (Street address/PO box=verse number).  In the United States, we rarely label mail "USA", we just use the street address, city, and state (and zip codes).  Similarly, when we reference the Bible, we rarely say "Bible" "book" "chapter" "verse".  We just say the book's name, chapter, and verse.  So when you see something like Genesis 1:1, it means the portion of the Bible I'm quoting is from the book called Genesis, the first chapter and the first verse.  I would just say it as "Genesis chapter one, verse one."  If you pick up a copy of the Bible, you can find the quote.

Okay, so I found a Bible and looked up Genesis 1:1.  Your quote is worded a little bit different than mine.  How come?
The Bible was not written in the English language.  The Old Testament was written in Hebrew.  The New Testament was written in Greek.  When we read the Bible in English (or any language other than Hebrew or Greek), we are reading a translation.  Your translation might be worded differently than mine.

Whoa.  Hold up.  What is a testament and why is one old and the other new?  I thought we were talking about the Bible.
We are talking about the Bible.  I've already mentioned there are 66 books, each divided into their own chapters and verses.  There is another division of sorts.  The books of the Bible written before the birth of Jesus are called the Old Testament; the books of the Bible written after Jesus was born (and died, and rose from the dead, and ascended into heaven) are called the New Testament.  A testament is something (in this case, a collection of accounts recorded in the Bible) that serves as a sign or evidence of a specified fact or event (in this case, God's love and mercy).

You keep saying there are 66 books in the Bible, but the Catholic church says there are 73.  Who's right?  You or the Pope?
There are many differences between the Pope and I.  I claim sixty-six books of the Bible.  The Catholic church has additional books that they believe are God's word.  Those books are referred to as the Apocrypha or deuterocanonical.  The WELS website has articles which mentions this issue here and here.  The second link is especially helpful.  If either link doesn't work, simply go to wels.net and type apocrypha into the search box.

Yeah, I don't really like to click on links.  Just sum it up for me.
The extra books (Apocrypha) were written before Jesus' birth.  While Jesus lived on earth, he said "Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms."  (Luke 24:44).  The extra books were not included in that group.  In addition, some of the teachings in the Apocrypha contradict the Law of Moses, the prophets, and the psalms.  In my opinion, the Catholic church is in error by claiming the Apocrypha as God's word.

What does it matter?  Who cares if Catholics read extra books?
This brings us back to your earlier question: What makes the Bible so important?  I've already mentioned that the Bible is God's word, and God is the creator of the universe.  God created you and me, as well.  The first man God created was called Adam.  God created a helper for Adam, a woman called Eve.  He placed them in a garden to live.  He gave them one rule: don't eat from that one tree.  Eve ate fruit from that tree, and gave some to Adam to eat as well.  They broke the one rule they had. When someone breaks God's rules, we call that sin.  When rules are broken, there are repercussions; there are consequences to our actions.  When Adam and Eve sinned, God kicked them out of the garden (called Eden) and wouldn't let them eat from the tree of life any more.  In other words, their punishment was death (a forever separation from God).  God loved Adam and Eve, though.  He promised them a Savior would come when he said to the serpent/deceiver (aka the Devil): "I will put enmity [hostility] between you and the woman, and between your offspring [unbelievers] and hers [believers]; he [the Savior] will crush your head, and you will strike his heel." (Genesis 3:15, words in brackets added by me).  God's word is important.  We all die (everyone agrees on this) because we are all sinful.  The Bible tells us so.  It also tells us of our Savior.  The Bible tells us what will happen when we die.  Jesus promises those who have faith in him: "I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise." (Luke 23:43)  And to those who have rejected Jesus as their Savior, they "will be thrown outside, into the darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth." (Matthew 8:12)  The Bible does two things: 1) shows us our sins, 2) shows us our Savior (Jesus Christ).  Any message which distracts from, detracts from, or denies a need for Jesus, is dangerous and puts our life after death in danger of hell.

Whoa.  That's way more than I wanted to know.
Sometimes I get a little carried away.

So, I'm not much of a reader and the Bible looks super long.  Can't you just tell me about it?  Or is there a movie I can watch?
The Bible is how God talks to us.  It's important to listen to him.  He warns us of danger (sin and its consequences) and tells us how to be saved from danger (Jesus is the way).  I could tell you, but how do you know that what I'm telling you is the truth?  People will lie; God will not.  You can walk into any church you see, but how will you know if they are preaching God's truth if you don't know what God actually says (all written down for you in the Bible)?  You can watch movies about Jesus and the Bible.  Some of them are true, some are not.  The easiest, simplest way to know what God says is by reading the Bible.

Okay, geez.  But do I have to read the whole thing?
I'm probably not the best person to ask that question, since I have personally made my way through the entire Bible a couple of times, and I enjoy reading as a hobby.  My answer is yes!  You should want to read the whole Bible!  But do you have to read the entire Bible to go to heaven?  The answer is no.  You need to repent of your sins and have faith in Jesus' salvation to go to heaven.  That's it.  I'd like to add that "faith comes from hearing the message, and the message is heard through the word of Christ." (Romans 10:17)  So I definitely encourage you to read the Bible.

Where should I start?  Do I have to begin at the beginning?
The first four books of the New Testament (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) are a great place to begin.  They each give a perspective of Jesus' life, death, and resurrection.  Some copies of the Bible will use red ink when Jesus is speaking, and that's kind of cool.  If you want to begin at the beginning, start with Genesis.  If you like music, you may be interested in Psalms.  If you're just beginning your exploration of the Bible, you might want to take a look at a children's Bible; it might not seem as intimidating as a regular Bible.

How much does a Bible cost?
Prices vary, but some copies cost less than $10.  Salvation Army gives Bibles away free.  Other thrift stores might have the Bible at reduced prices.  Also, if you have a library nearby, you might check to see if they have the Bible available there.  If you have an e-reader, you can download a sample of the Bible and read a little bit of it that way.  You can stop by any Christian church and ask to read a Bible; if they don't have Bibles available to read, you might want to check another church.  Some churches might not be able to let you take it home with you, but I imagine they would welcome you back as often as you cared to return.  You can also find the Bible on the Internet.  Thanks to the United States' freedom of religion, the Bible is easily accessible.

I noticed there are a bunch of different translations and versions available.  Which one do I get?
I personally enjoy the NIV (New International Version) with the 1984 copyright, but that may be because it's the one I grew up reading and hearing in church.  I would recommend you avoid the King James' version (KJV), since it uses outdated pronouns (thy and thou) and may be uneasy to read, but it's really a matter of preference.

Okay, so I'm reading the Bible and I just don't get it.  What do I do now?
You might want to buy or borrow a copy of one of the People's Bible series books.  I've just discovered these, and they're awesome.  Here is a link to Matthew written by G. Jerome Albrecht and Michael J. Albrecht.  You can also use the WELS church locator and contact a WELS pastor near you.  They have studied the Bible in the original languages (Greek and Hebrew) and can help you to understand the issues that might be troubling you.

Evangelism and an Introduction

This is my first evangelistic post.  What is evangelism?  Evangelism is the spreading of Christian gospel by personal witness.  So basically, I'll be telling you the good news about Jesus.  If you don't know who Jesus is, don't worry; I'll tell you: He's God's son, the Savior of the world.  If that answer brings up more questions, this is the place for you!  I'm planning a series of posts in which I'll ask questions, answer them, ask follow-up questions, and answer those!  Super exciting, right?  If you have questions that I didn't answer (or ask), or if you don't understand the answers I've given, or if you don't agree with my answers, please leave a comment.  I'll do my best to answer your comment and/or direct you toward finding the answer in another way.  I plan on starting simple.  Here are some subject areas I have in mind for posts:

• The Bible
• Death
• Baptism
• Holy Communion/the Lord's Supper/Eucharist
• Church/worship
• Sin
• Forgiveness
• Sexual immorality
• Repentance
• Different religions
• Apostles/disciples
• Who's who in the Bible
• Christian freedom

At this point, you may be wondering who I am.  What are my qualifications?  What religion am I?  Why should you listen to me?

I am Molly Kuxhaus.  I am a sinner.  I am a saint.  I am a Christian.  I am God's child.  It is by grace I have been saved, not by anything I have done.  I have done horrible things, thought detestable thoughts, and sinned in many ways.  Jesus, my Savior, never sinned.  I deserve punishment for my sins; Jesus does not/did not deserve punishment.  I was declared innocent because Jesus was declared guilty.  He paid for my sins.  He took the punishment I earned.  God loves me so much, he was willing to accept Jesus' death as payment for my debt.  I am not perfect.  I am forgiven.  Jesus' perfect life and innocent death paid for the sins of the whole world, including yours.

What are my qualifications?  I have not attended seminary.  As a woman, I am not permitted authority over a man, and thus may not pursue a pastoral ministry that includes men as members.  Many women may consider this to be sexist and an outrageous inequality.  God created Adam (man) first.  God created Eve (woman) to be a helper and companion for Adam.  In doing so, he established man as the head of the household, and head of the church.  I respect God, and I respect his establishments. I am a laywoman, which basically means I am a female member of a church.  I attend church on a regular, weekly basis.  I read the Bible daily.  As for secular education, I graduated magna cum laude from the University of South Dakota with a BS in English.  I minored in mathematics.

What religion am I?  I am a member of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod, commonly referred to as the WELS.  There are many Lutheran churches, and the beliefs vary.  To merely say I am Lutheran may misconstrue my beliefs, since some Lutheran denominations have veered from the Bible.  The WELS has a very nice website, and is full of information and devotions.  It has a WELS locator link at the top of the home page so that you can find the closest WELS church in your area.  There are other churches (not in the WELS synod) where the truth about God may be preached, but the WELS reliably trusts in the Bible.  Not what the minister thinks or believes, but what the Bible says.  WELS ministers are trained in the languages that the Bible was originally written in (Greek and Hebrew), so that they are not misguided by errant or unclear translations of the Bible.  They are sinners, just like you and me, and they struggle with sin, as we do.  Their job is to point you to the One who has never sinned (Jesus) for forgiveness.

Why should you listen to me?  I would prefer you go to church and hear the Word of God preached.  I would prefer you spent your time reading the Bible instead of my posts.  If you are afraid of going to church because you don't think you know enough about God to attend, hopefully my posts will prepare and encourage you to go.  You don't really need to know anything before going to church; there are no preparations you need to make.  It helps to know what God says in his Bible, so that you find a church that preaches the true Word of God.  The WELS is a great source.  If you are intimidated by the Bible (it is a rather large volume), hopefully my posts will make you more comfortable with it.

 Please keep in mind that I have not attended seminary, and I am not an authority.  I am merely trying to share my faith in hopes that you will come to know the One who loves you so much He died for you.  Consider this a preschool of sorts, something like a wading pool.  I'll try to keep things simple and fun.

Here's the gospel in a nutshell: "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life." (Holy Bible, John 3:16)

Tuesday, February 17, 2015

Never Judge a Lady by Her Cover


Hero: Duncan West, aka Jamie Croft
Heroine: Lady Georgiana Pearson, aka Anna, aka Chase

Never Judge a Lady by Her Cover


I love the cover of this book.  In an awful twist of irony, I did not love the book.  I should have heeded the title's warning.

Here are reasons why I did not like it:

• Georgiana has made appearances in the previous books of the series, as Chase.  She is an established character.  I saw her as a strong, confident, ballsy woman.  The best scoundrel of them all.  But in her own book–where she should shine–she came across as an insecure, subdued mess.  Sure, she had moments of confidence, but they were overshadowed by her ridiculous moments of uncertainty.  One example: in the scene where she touches Duncan's penis, he tells her to stop, and she misunderstands, thinking she's doing it wrong due to her inexperience; this comes moments after she teases him, refusing to open her legs to him in a power play of sensual sorts.  She should have been able to recognize arousal in his voice; her sudden insecurity was lame, especially given the fact she was able to pass herself off as a courtesan for six years.

• Duncan was in earlier books, too.  In fact, there was a scene where he was playing cards with Anna, aka Georgiana.  The two had done business together the past six years.  If any member of the Fallen Angel was likely to see past Georgiana's disguise (she wore a wig, makeup, and a low-cut dress as Anna), it would be Duncan.  But he didn't realize Georgiana was Anna until he followed her carriage from a society event to the club and saw Georgiana emerge as her Anna persona.  I'd like to point out that he wasn't following Georgiana on purpose; he was merely on his way to his club.  He was surprised when her carriage didn't turn toward her brother's home, and started watching more closely, but he didn't use any powers of deduction to stumble upon Georgiana's alter ego.  That made him look like an idiot, in my opinion, especially when you consider his profession (newspaper magnate).

• Georgiana's quest to marry a title irritated me on several levels.  1) She claimed to be doing it for her daughter, but never asked her precocious daughter what she actually wanted.  2) She wasn't a fan of the ton.  She had been using them for financial gain, learning their secrets, and exploiting their weaknesses for years.  3) She planned to run off and marry her lover Jonathan, a stablehand: "Georgiana didn't care.  She was going to be Mrs. Jonathan Tavish.  She wouldn't even keep the 'Lady' to which she was entitled.  She didn't want it.  She only wanted him."  If she had married him, their children wouldn't have any titles.  I don't buy the argument that as a bastard, Caroline would need a stepfather with a title to lend her prestige.  Money could buy her a husband, and Georgiana had plenty of that.  After all, isn't that why Georgiana gave herself such a large dowry?  And read this passage that discusses Duncan's sister: "Cynthia West.  A pretty girl, welcome in Society despite her lack of breeding.  West's money had purchased her support."  The quote is from Georgiana's consciousness, and it made her own assertions that her daughter needed a titled stepfather ridiculous.

• Duncan's desire to protect his sister would have held more weight if we saw more of Cynthia than a scene or two.  She was described as intelligent, bold, unruly, and cheerful.  If she was a shrinking violet, it might have made sense to shield her from her parentage and evil half-brother.  She wasn't a child; she was eighteen.  Why didn't Duncan sit her down and tell her about their past?  Why wasn't Cynthia herself more curious about their parents?

• Georgiana's motives regarding her daughter seemed erratic.  She raised Caroline for the first four years of her life, and then just turned her over to Caroline's uncle?  Now she was willing to marry just so her daughter could have a "normal" life and a chance at a "good" marriage?  She made the decision to form the Fallen Angel.  She left her daughter with her brother and his family so she could run a club to learn secrets about the aristocracy and shatter their glass houses?  She realized her neglect when Caroline was confused by a surprise visit, but instead of sharing her workload with her partners or stepping down to spend more time with her daughter, she jumped into the social season to land a titled husband.  It didn't make sense.  Her behavior was inconsistent.

Even though I did not like the book, I didn't quit.  I kept plodding right along.  I hoped the ending would resolve some issues, or at least appease my disappointment.  It didn't.  Ugh.  I don't know if I'm just super irritable and uncharitable right now, but the ending was as disappointing as the majority of the book.  Perhaps I just hold Ms. MacLean up to a higher standard; I enjoyed the first three books of the series.

Spoiler alert!

Here's why I didn't like the ending:

• Duncan realized Georgiana was Chase moments before she told him herself near the end of the book.  I think that was a lost opportunity.  First, if he could figure it out then, he should have been able to figure it out sooner; he didn't have more information then than he did earlier.  Second, an earlier reveal would have allowed the couple to spend more time on the idea that Chase was super powerful.  Maybe Duncan would feel emasculated.  How could he protect the all-powerful Chase?  Would he even need to?  Would he feel superfluous?  Would Georgiana overstep and try to tell him how to run his newspapers?  Would they have power struggles outside of the bedroom?  Third, why didn't Georgiana lie and say her brother was Chase?  It would have placated West in some aspects, while highlighting how he good of a brother he was ("I saved my sister from the Tremley's") compared to poor Georgiana's (fictitious) experience with her brother ("He let you pose as a whore?!  That's whore-ible!").  That lie could cause plenty of conflict, especially since Georgiana's brother gave her the money to open the club (he was actually a good brother).

• Georgiana's plan to reveal Anna as Chase was not the smart plan for which I hoped.  It was nice that all her friends and employees chimed in that they were Chase.  It was endearing, but a bit too much "I am Spartacus!" to be original.  Georgiana could have just said there was no Chase; he was an amalgamation of the three public owners.  Lame, sure, but at least it wasn't stupid: Here I am!  If Anna was revealed to be Chase, people would have taken a closer look at Anna and discovered her other identity: Lady Georgiana Pearson.  Georgiana was trying to repair her reputation throughout the book.  It didn't make sense that she would jeopardize that by drawing more attention to herself as the (pretend) prostitute Anna.

• The villain gets shot by his wife.  (The scene in which it occurs is a farce, but I'll touch on aspects of that later.)  When a villain gets his comeuppance in a book, I want the hero or heroine to be dishing it out.  I'm not saying they should have shot him, but they could have exacted revenge with the proof of his treason.  Would anyone listen to what a traitor had to say about a newspaperman?  West had proof of Tremley's treason; the villain didn't have proof of West's horse theft, which occurred when he was only fifteen.  (The kidnapping charge doesn't make sense; did the Earl of Tremley claim Cynthia as his legitimate daughter?  If not, she would have been Duncan's ward once her mother died.)

• The villain gets shot.  Well, that's the end of that conflict.  West can marry anyone he wants now without worry about saddling them with his past.  His sister's illegitimacy won't come out.  No wondering if Tremley had proof squirreled away somewhere.  Just "ding, dong, the witch is dead."

• It seemed all Georgiana needed (to not marry a titled man) was her daughter's assurance that Caroline did not want her mother to marry for anything other than love.  Well, wonderful!  Nothing stands between her and West anymore.  Why didn't Caroline say something sooner?  Georgiana has already been illustrated as a neglectful mother, so at least her failure to ask for Caroline's input is in character.

I called the scene where the villain was shot a farce, and here are the reasons why I feel that it was:

• Everybody up on the tables.  It just seems wrong, and a bit ridiculous.
• The "I am Chase" announcement, followed by all the other claims of being Chase.
• Tremley's sudden tantrum came out of nowhere.  He was established as a wife beater, but there wasn't any indication that he would suddenly draw attention to himself in such a crowd by being a hothead.  He came across as manic.
• Georgiana's eyes were full of fear because of Tremley's question "What is [West's] name?"  Why does she have to be such a timid character?  Why?
• Tremley gets shot, and Georgiana's main concern is protecting Lady Tremley?  So she (and her partners) blackmail their entire clientele, threatening to reveal their secrets if the truth about how Lady Tremley shot her husband in cold blood becomes public?  Even West pipes up that he'll print their secrets in his papers if they squeal about Lady Tremley.  It was nice they cared about Lady T–, but I didn't.  The Fallen Angels could have made up whatever story they wanted; the police would have believed it, especially since the club belonged to the "all-powerful" Chase.  It would have made more sense to offer a police detective membership in the club than to blackmail their entire clientele.

Now I will quibble about minor issues I had:

• After having sex, West "cleaned" Georgiana.  I don't like any reference of cleaning after sex, but it seemed even more creepy since West was slightly obsessed with being clean since he was dirty as a young boy.
• Georgiana let West spill his seed inside her.  She consciously made the choice to gamble on getting pregnant. With one daughter already born out of wedlock, her begging him to come inside of her seemed irresponsible.
• In the epilogue, there was a reference to the eight people playing a card game; at most there could only have been seven because Bourne didn't play.
• Duncan has corresponded with "Chase" and seen "his" handwriting.  Georgiana writes him a note as herself, and he doesn't recognize the handwriting.  No mention was made of her trying to disguise her handwriting.  No mention of the similarities of the handwriting.

Monday, December 8, 2014

One Good Earl Deserves a Lover

Hero: Cross, Jasper, Earl Harlow
Heroine: Pippa, Philippa Marbury

One Good Earl Deserves a Lover

This is one of the few romance novels where I liked the heroine more than I liked the hero.  It may be because she takes control of her own destiny.  It may be because society considers her to be "odd. " It may be because she's smart.  In any case, Pippa Marbury is a delightful heroine.

Tuesday, November 4, 2014

The Sea King

Hero: Kol Thorleksson
Heroine: Isabel



I loved this book.  In my opinion, the hero was dreamy.  The heroine wasn't quite as awesome, but she was okay.  I understood her actions for the most part.  The Kindle version is only 99¢ (as of 11/4/14).  That's an awesome deal.  I definitely recommend it.